The Marquis de Sade lived in rather decadent times in the decline of civilization. At the end of civilization, there is almost invariably revolution. There has to be, because man cannot live as a brute. Sade lived at the time of the French Revolution. He has been referred to as the anti-Montesquieu, while in contrast, the Founding Fathers agreed with or took much of their philosophy from Montesquieu. Their philosophy was based on transcendence and Natural Law, Sadean philosophy is based on immanence and the supposed laws of Nature, survival of the fittest. The French Revolution was the advent of socialism and later the Nazis would repeat a brutish Sadean philosophy as socialists.
Evil is essence, it is transcendent. Yet those who live as slaves to Evil typically deny the spiritual, the philosophic, the metaphysical, in favor of the physical, the personal.
"[Sade] immediately relativizes, personalizes, narcissizes the idea of justice. He makes it into a human structure riddled with egotistical and contradictory impulses, into a sublimation of our passions:
'...let us have the courage to tell men that justice is a myth, and that each individual never actually heeds any but his own version of it; let us say so fearlessly. Declaring it to them, and giving them thus to appreciate all the dangers of human existence, our warning enables them to ready a defense and in their turn to forge themselves the weapon of injustice, since only by becoming as unjust, as vicious as everybody else can they hope to elude the traps set by others. 'Sade, in fact, restores tribal law, a world of retaliation.....
.....the rituals of cruelty staged by Sade do not lead to the accomplishment of any end, nor are they redeemed by any form of transcendence; their function is one of loss, of waste for its own sake. They continually repeat the desire to escape the social order, to liberate the actors from all social taboos. Sadean atrocities—torture, cannibalism, murder—are performed in an absolute vacuum of significance. No mystical transcendence is there to shore it up."
(Original Vengeance: Politics, Anthropology,
and the French Enlightenment
By Pierre Saint-Amand
Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 26,
No.3. (Spring, 1993), pp. 399-417)
"Sade is the anti-Montesquieu of the Enlightenment. Indeed, he mentions Montesquieu in Juliette only to denigrate him as a second- rate philosopher. Sade exposes, and opposes, the idealistic dimension of Montesquieu’s political science. Montesquieu’si deal of justice is unacceptable in Sadean politics. It must be replaced by an implacable judicial relativism, by private passions and interests — precisely what Montesquieu was at pains to repress in order to demonstrate the possibility of peaceful cohabitation."
This ".....implacable judicial relativism....." guided by private passions is very popular in the American Republic.
Sade, on private passions,
"The Marquis de Sade reverses the Rousseauean use of nature: Sade uses the category “nature” to affirm bisexual aristocratic libertinage. In Philosophy in the Bedroom (first published in 1795), Sade rejects the contention.....that nature endorses heterosexual vaginal copulation because of its procreative function. Sade asserts that sodomy is within the boundaries of nature and adds,'Those who wish to denigrate the taste or proscribe its practice declare it is harmful to population; how dull-witted they are, these imbeciles who think of nothing but the multiplication of their kind, and who detect nothing but the crime in anything that conduces to a different end. Is it really so firmly established that Nature has so great a need for this overcrowding as they would like to have us believe?
. . . It is false that Nature intends this sperinatic liquid to be employed only and entirely for reproduction.' Sade flatly rejects the absolute, qualitative, procreative standard increasingly used in the eighteenth century to define the “natural.” "
(Erotic "Remedy" Prints and the Fall of the
Aristocracy in Eighteenth-Century France
By Mary L. Bellhouse
Political Theory, Vol. 25, No. 5. (Oct., 1997), pp. 680-715)
"....Nature has so great a need for this overcrowding....."
That is also typical, for Evil. There is this creeping idolatry of Mother Nature, a desire to raise the Asherah poles again, you see.